The association arises on October 1999, given to the initiative of a group of 16 greenhouse producers of different states of the country, to come together and establish as an association that represented them in the search for common goals, and that could also enable the development of this incipient industry.
Back then, there was around 1482.63 acres across the country, and one of its initial tasks was to promote this branch of agriculture activity in Mexico, and this is the reason why on the summer of 2000 the first congress of the AMPHI takes place, with the purpose of integrating all the parties involved on the field, such as producers, product and service suppliers, marketers, technicians and advisors, government offices and credit companies, universities, etc.
At the beginning of this millennium and with the people’s concerned about their health, the situation favors the growth on demand of nutritional, healthy and fresh foods, beginning a trend to reduce the consumption of junk or nutritionally low food, which in time favors the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. By the year 2001, Mexico’s surface of protected horticulture grows to more than 2965.26 acres (a 100% growth compared to 1999), where some areas are now being included. These areas were such that, given to their climate conditions it was not possible to produce in an open-field manner, or in months; having more temperate or rainy weathers, and in places where the usual open-field production zones start to turn into protected culture, considering that this is a higher-performance, quality and certainty option.
By 2003, the surface grows to 4447.90 acres, and on 2004 there is an 88% growth, only in a year; some zones such as Baja California, that suffered from water and plague issues increase their change to protected culture, along with the development of zones in the Center, North and Pacific areas; by 2005, it reaches 11,613.95 acres and by the end of 2006 it reaches over 16,309 acres.
This sudden growth of 1,000% in only seven years, and the evolution of industry, brought the need for a more representative, dynamic and active organization, according to the needs that the producers demand in present and future tenses.
This is how AMHPAC rises (the Mexican Association for Protected Horticulture, AMHPAC for its initials in Spanish) in June 2007, at the Seventh Congress of the AMPHI, as an answer for these new times and circumstances of our horticulture and fruit industry, by seizing the experience gained as producers, through all this stage, in order to keep our mission, vision, objectives and functions clear.
The changes on the demands and preferences of the end-consumers for higher-quality, fresh, more nutritive, healthy and sanitized products, all year long and not seasonal (by paying an overprice), accelerated the growth of crop production under protected environment in Mexico (these products formerly came from Holland, Spain, Israel, Canada and the United States).
The traditional agriculture zones in Mexico begin to turn their agriculture into this type, and come into new zones that are now possible to grow with the protected horticulture tools, by investing infrastructure according to the day-to-day forecast and and season demands. Likewise, for this year, we are talking over 16,309 of protected Horticulture in the country, where it is possible to grow the 12 months a year, and with the volume and quality required by the end-consumer.
This growth of over 1,000% in surface, combined with the increase of the demand on greenhouse produce, globalization, free trade agreements between countries, the evolution of costumer preferences and the energy costs and availability of qualified labor, have radically changed this industry. As a consequence, our organization required to be updated according to the times and current demands, and for it evolves to a new organization, the AMHPAC (the Mexican Association for Protected Horticulture, AMHPAC for its initials in Spanish), which is more including, dynamic, participative, structured and with more management.